Hormones have many important effects on women’s health. The female sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone, are most well known because their influence on a woman’s reproductive health, from menstruation to pregnancy to menopause and more. But your body also makes and uses many other kinds of hormones that affect other aspects of your health—from your energy level, weight, mood and much more.

Learn more about hormones and how they impact a woman’s sexuality and reproduction, the common hormonal disorder polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and menopause as well as other hormone conditions that affect both women and men.


Amenorrhea is the term used when a woman or adolescent girl is not having menstrual periods.


Anorexia can lead to low bone density, meaning weak bones. When growing teenagers have weak bones, they may end up with weak bones for life, even if they recover from anorexia.

Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in U.S. women (1 in 8 women).


Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue usually found inside the uterus grows in places where it shouldn’t.

Female Sexual Dysfunction

A woman has female sexual dysfunction, also called FSD, when she is upset or unhappy about her sexual health.


Hirsutism is excessive growth of "male" pattern hair that appear on the face, back, chest, abdomen, and thighs in women.


Infertility is the inability of a sexually active couple, not using any birth control, to get pregnant after one year of trying.


During menopause, a woman's ovaries stop producing eggs and produce fewer female hormones.


Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormone disorder defined by a group of signs and symptoms.


Premenstrual syndrome, also known as PMS, includes changes in mood as well as physical signs that occur in the days to two weeks before a woman's menstrual period starts.

Primary Ovarian Insufficiency

Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI), also called premature ovarian failure, occurs when the ovaries have a decrease in estrogen production and ovulation before a woman turns 40.

Vaginal Atrophy

Vaginal atrophy (also referred to as vulvovaginal atrophy, urogenital atrophy, or atrophic vaginitis) is a condition in which the lining of the vagina becomes thinner and drier.

Menopause Map

Learn more about your personal journey with menopause.